I hope my various posts in the following website thread regarding the cultivation of Casuarina Junghuhniana (Tamil : Indonesian Savukku) makes an interesting reading.
They are listed herebelow: (16.03.2008)
Planting distance: Spacing 4x3 feet.
About 3,600 cloned seedlings are required for planting in one acre.
You can get plants from: Tamilnadu Forest Dept, Seshasayee paper board, Erode and TNPL, Pugalur, karur.
The plant attains maturity in 36 -42 months.
It has nitrogen fixing root nodules and hence, dependability on nitrogen supplement is less.
Approximate weight of one tree after 3.5 years: 18 - 20 kgs
Cost of cultivation in a acre for 3.5 years:Cost of plants 3600 x Rs.3.00 Rs. 10800
Land preparation, irrigation, weeding and others approx. Rs. 39200
Total cost of cultivation Rs. 50000
Yield and income:65 Tons / Acre@ Rs 2000 Rs.130000
Net Profit in 3. 5years /Acre Rs. 80000
For more specific information contact leave your message here.
Please go thro the link given here:
The Hindu : Sci Tech / Agriculture : New casuarina variety: money does grow on this tree
Even if you are able to harvest 200 Tons / Hect, the total Gross income will be only Rs.6.00 Lakhs at the nominal rate of Rs.3000 per Ton. Normally for publicity purposes, yields are estimated taking into account the growth of a single robust specimen only. You will be convinced if you visit any Junghuhniana (Tamil : Indonesian Savukku) farm in your area personally, and find out for yourself the high percentage of genetic variation in the supplied lot (you will not find uniformity) and assess the actual yield and the price the farmer gets practically.
If you are still not satisfied with my arguments, please contact Dr.Kumaravel, Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Dept. of Forests, Tamilnadu Ph. 044-24323343 OR Dr.Jain Allaudin, DCF,Dept of Forests Tamilnadu Ph. 044-22750297 since both of them have done extensive research on this subject.
A reputed member of the website 'Agriculture information .com' kayapakkam
(P.S.Nathan)replied to the above post on 29.03.2008 as under:I have planted about 28 months ago Casurina Junghhuniana (Tamil : Indonesian Savukku) in about 12 acres in my farm at Villanganoor. I have visited Mettupalayam Forest Research Station about one year ago.
I believe the informations provided by Mr. Vishnushankar is closer to practical reality. As to Uniformity, there is no problem. But growth figures projected by private sapling sellers are far from truth. Howeve, care to be taken for this variety is much higher than the common variety. My farm is located in Madhuranthakam taluk of Tamil Nadu and is about 100 kms from Chennai. We have followed the spacing on 5 by 5 feet. If any one is keen to have a look at the plantation you are free to get in tocuh with me. best regards. p.s. nathan
My posts regarding intercrops inside casuarina Junghuhniana(Tamil : Indonesian Savukku):
Intercrops with Casuarina
Dear Jay, Since Casurina varieties are normally planted in a narrow spacing of 2.5' x 3.5' or in some cases with even lower spacings of 2' x 3', please avoid long term / annaul crops for intercropping. Only short duration crops like minor / major millets, Maize, Sun Flower and some Vegetables are ideal for intercropping. AVOID INTERCROPS ONCE THE CASUARINA ATTAINS THE AGE OF 6 MONTHS.
Effect of spacing in Casurina plantation
Dear Friend, Spacing determines the girth of the planted casuarina. In closely planted fields, girth / Wt of individual tree obtained will be less but the overall tonnage on fourth year may be more or less equal to that of casuarina planted with wide spacings. But after 4th year variation between the two will be drastic.
A senior member of the same website 'Sampada Farms Raghu Ram' aobserved to my posts as under:
Casurina with coppce growth.
For Superior Casuarina junghuhniana plants developed with the Unieversity technology are available. Special variety brought from INDONESIA, first time in INDIA Can tolerate water stress .In 4 years upto 50 - 70 tons in rainfed irrigation and with drip irrigation 100 tons yield
You can harvest three times for every four years. This tree Casuarina junghuhniana is with coppice growth. You can personally see and visit the farms. Talk to the farmers. Then u can plant. Good and idle for large scale plantation.
For other information, you can refer Sri Vishnusankar's posting in this thread.